The famous Radha Rani Temple, about 50 km north west of Mathura where Brij Bhasha is spoken language is situated at the foot of hill named after Lord Brahma. It is one of the many temples dedicated to the divine couple Radha Krsna.
This temple seems to ornament the four elevations of the hill at Barsana. It is considered to be the most beautiful temple at Barsana. It was built by Raja Bir Singh ji Deo of Orchha in 1675.
Barsana is also famous for its ‘lathmar- holi’ celebrations. On this day, there is an enmasse procession wherein married women practically beat their husbands with wooden sticks. This kind of celebration on the day of the festival of colours is unique to this town. Most of the monuments and edifices here have deteriorated with the advent of time. Still a few tanks do survive and can be seen, including the Prem Sarovar, Roop Sagar, Jal Mahal and the Bhanokhar Tank.
The area between the hill housing the Radha-Rani temple and the adjoining temple is known as the Sankari-Khor. This is the venue of the annual fair held in the month of Bhaadon, sometime in July-August. The other three shrines are the Man Mandir, Dargah and Mor-Kutir temples.
The birth anniversary of Radha-Rani is celebrated on the nineth day of the bright half of Bhadrapad (July-August) at the Mor-Kutir Temple, which was built about 300 years ago. Women celebrate the occasion by giving laddus to the peacocks- to symbolise the serving of sweets by Radha to Lord Krsna.